Is wind power always sustainable under the new EU taxonomy requirements?
Electricity generation from wind power is included as an eligible activity in the EU taxonomy. However, it is not automatically a sustainable activity. The technical screening criteria set a number of requirements and limits on when wind power will qualify as sustainable.
Here are some key things to know about the taxonomy requirements for wind power:
· Generating electricity from wind power is enough to qualify as making a substantial contribution to climate change mitigation, but there are also strict requirements that the activity does no significant harm in other key areas.
· Wind power can also make a substantial contribution to pollution prevention and control if installations meet pollution thresholds.
· Five pollution criteria are currently proposed for wind power. They address the most significant air pollutant emissions resulting from these activities in the European Union. These five criteria cover life-cycle emissions.
· Construction and operation of offshore wind installations must not impact the environmental status of the marine habitat or biodiversity.
· Offshore wind will need to ensure that the introduction of energy, including underwater noise, is at levels that do not adversely affect the marine environment.
· Equipment that is highly durable, recyclable and easy to refurbish must be used where feasible.
· An environmental impact assessment that identifies key physical climate risks must be carried out for all installations.
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